Basic Navigation

On the rally, riders will be using three navigational devices to help them navigate the course. This way if one system fails they will have the ability to continue.The devices are as follows

 1. GPS unit with route pre loaded 

2. Accommodation is located but does not give turning instructions.

Miniature route sheet scroll which gives distance to next town

(This is not the same as the safari route sheets, it is used to help calculate fuel distances and know where accommodation is located but does not give turning instructions.

“Vince Strang Motorcycles in Inverell ” have these in stock. mount to the bars.

The format for route sheet notes will be as follows.


These units are only about 7 cm. They are plastic and are easy to mount to the bars






Town leg dist fuel accom



 Woodenbong* 67 km 7 dys 026635 1275 026664 5102
 Mallanganee 81 km 5 dys
Baryulgil 52 km nil nil


Jackadgery * 77 km 7 dys

026644 9324

Where a * is seen after a town name, this is where the organizer wants all riders to “fill up their tanks and stop at the fuel stop. There are multiple reasons for this.

A. There could be No fuel for another 300 km

B. Receive track information if diversions are required due to weather.

C. The organizer could need to communicate with a rider.

D. There could be complicated navigation ahead and a full tank could be well advised if the rider got lost


Map with route marked on it. (Basic detail to be used just as a backup . All riders shall be required to buy a copy of Hem Australia Map book. Approximately one week before the event the organizer will email all riders a copy of scanned pages of this book with the route marked on it. The riders will then be able to mark up their own books using a highlighter pen . This task is a very important part of a rider getting an understanding of

the event.This book is a great tool for all adventure riders to have. It fits in most tank bags. Having a hard copy map is essential if the GPS fails. A rider would not be able to complete the course using a map only but they could get themselves out of trouble.

In the rally all riders should seize the opportunity to learn how to navigate using a GPS. The map and route sheet roller are extra tools to help.

then the small picture of the next turn you are looking for. This way road signs or features such as lakes can help you confirm that you are on the right track.

The rally route has all been pre ridden and the main reason was to give riders the most accurate route detail possible which will minimize mistakes. In other words the pink line on the GPS is where the organizer has ridden and this is accurate to 20 meters which could be different to the road marked on the map of the GPS. The reason is simple and that is a lot of maps were made thirty years ago and the GPS units are very accurate and the maps are not.

A GPS performs two tasks and that, is it tells you where you have been and can tell you where to go. What a lot of people don’t understand is that you must “maintain” a GPS as you are navigating.

Before you start using the GPS you need to make sure it is on the highest screen resolution

which means it is as bright as possible. The mapping detail needs to set to highest. Tracks 4 Australia needs to be loaded onto the GPS as this is the set map that you are using on the GPS.

When using a GPS always give it a minute to find satellites. In other words don’t start playing with it till the screen is showing a map of where you are. It needs to be out in the open for this to occur.

Another tip is that once you stop moving on the bike the map on the GPS will often turn around making it difficult to navigate sometimes even the best navigators will need to ride down a track for 300 meters before they can see that the track they are leaving does not correlate with the route.(pink line).

It is always best to look at a GPS when you are on the move and before you get to the corner. If the map starts to turn around on your GPS the only way to correct it is to ride down the track you think is right and then when your track that you are leaving is clearly different to the route pink line then you know to turn around and take another track.

TRACKS (Leaving black dots where you have been)



Let’s start with track points as you ride the GPS units usually have 500 points that they can lay down so you can see where you have been.

Track points settings

1. Track point log needs to be “on”

2. Frequency of track points -Normal

3. Colour- Black

4. Wrap when full needs to be “on”


This is the term for when you a following a course made up of waypoints. In the APC Rally this is the method of navigation that is used. Most GPS units can only store 200 waypoints per route and most GPS units can store up to 60 routes. This means that in the rally a rider will need to activate up to 40 new routes as they are completing the course . When they see an end to the pink line on the GPS which is the line going to the last waypoint in the current route they will simply go to “routes” in the main menu and activate the next route in the list.

Approximately 7 days before the rally all competitors will receive the routes by email in either Mapsource (Grarmin) or Ozi explorer. They can then download them onto their GPS. If a rider is unable to do this we will orgainise it to be done the night before the start. This same email will contain route sheet scroll notes and the map images.Some

experinced GPS users may ask why we are not using track files ? The answer is that when a route is marked on a GPS it is twice as easy to see on the GPS and therefor makes it safer for ridersA rider will be greatly advantaged if they can load GPS units and do all this work before they arrive at the event. Hopefully in each state we can orgnanise computer and GPS savy riders to help other riders with this task.

In the rally all the routes will be named as follows.

In the rally all the routes will be named as follows.

a Wood- mall

aa mall-jack

b jack- dorr

ba dorr- glouc

Because the GPS units store the routes alphabetically the routes will all be named with an initial in front of them and then the abbreviated version of the towns you are riding from and too. This way a rider can easily find the the next route they are to activate on the GPS.

To activate a route

1. You click routes in the main menu.

2. You will see a menu of routes available and if you have a route currently activated it will be high lighted.

3. Locate the town you are starting in then hit “activate”

4. Hit the page button and return to your map. You should now see a pink line

Some “route “settings you need to apply to your GPS are as follows.

1. OFF road should be selected

2. Deactivate turning instructions to come up on screen( these can block out the map you need to see)

3. Deactivate auto navigate to next waywpoint. This causes problems because the GPS draws straight lines from one waypoint to another and often the road could have many twists and turns but because the rally course does not leave the road all these twists and turns were not needed to be marked. If auto navigate is left on it could cause the GPS to freeze.

4. Remember that the route is to guide people over the rally course . Waypoints are used when there is a real change of direction of your current course often the road on the GPS map will be off the route pink line. Don’t stress, this is the turn off, the road that your needing to look for.


exits the town. Look at its general direction and sometimes you may see a name.

3. Zoom your GPS into 200 meters when in town and follow the pink line.

(Remember that when a GPS is stationary, for some reason turns the map around this is what makes navigating in towns difficult because you are always stopping)

If you see that the rally route enters a town but then doubles back onto itself you should always enter the town, in most cases it will be going to a compulsory fuel stop.

When you stop for the night don’t be concerned with turning the GPS off, it will turn on and function as it was left from the prevous session

Please remember that once we have all learnt how to do this we can go to any country in the world and navigate a course. All riders should bring the manual for their GPS with them on the rally and try to learn as much as possible.

They should also bring the cable that connects there GPS to a computer


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